Why in news: India at COP26 says its solar energy capacity increased 17 times in 7 years; now at 45 GW
India told the UN climate summit here that its solar energy capacity stands at about 45 gigawatts after it increased 17 times in the last seven years, asserting that although the country represents 17% of the global population, its historical cumulative emissions (1850 to 2017) are only 4% while current annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are only about 5%.
India said this while giving a presentation on its third Biennial Update Report (BUR) during the 11th Facilitative Sharing of Views (FSV) at the ongoing COP26 climate summit in Glasgow.
The BUR was submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in February 2021.
Key Highlights of India’s Third Biennial Update Report
- The key highlight of the discussion on India’s third BUR was the achievement of 24% reduction in emission intensity of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) over the period of 2005-2014, and the significant increase of its solar programme.
- There were questions about India’s multilateral efforts to combat climate change, including the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI).
- India’s 15% of total carbon dioxide emission in 2016 was removed from the atmosphere by the LULUCF (Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry).
- Between 2015 and 2019, the forest and tree cover increased by 13,031 square kilometer and mangrove cover increased by 235 square kilometer.
- Populations of Asiatic lion, elephant, rhino increased manifold in the last 5 to 6 years.
Source: The Hindu