DoT fixes December 2022 deadline for transition to new IP addresses
Why in news: The Department of Telecom has fixed December 2022 as the deadline for internet service providers to customise their network as well as change modem and routers at customer premise for the services as per the internet protocol address, IPv6.
The DoT has set June 30, 2022, as the last date for government organisation for complete transition to IPv6.
“All new retail wireline customer connections provided by service providers after December 31, 2022, shall be capable of carrying IPv6 traffic either on dual stack on native IPv6,” the note said.
IPv6 vs IPv4 Address
The IP addresses help in identifying and connecting various devices and servers onto the internet. The DoT had released the first and second roadmap to roll out IPv6 addresses in the country in 2010 and 2012 which can grant several trillions of unique internet addresses unlike the old regime of IPv4 which has a limit of 3 billion IP addresses. The growth in the number of devices connecting to the internet has fuelled demand for IPv6 addresses.
India now has around 50 per cent share in IPv6 addresses globally.
Benefits of IPv6
The transition to IPv6 even with a dual stack mode will help in growth of internet usage especially in the context of work from home as well IoT ecosystem and upcoming 5G services because of the requirement of an enormous IP address which is not available with IPv4. In addition, transition to IPv6 will enhance the network security because of built-in ‘IPsec’ feature in the version 6.
With proliferation of IPv6 addresses, India can create its own secure internet by setting up its own root servers for communication within countries geographical boundaries.
At present, there are 13 root servers which play a vital role in working on the internet globally. 11 root servers are located in the US and one each in Europe and Japan. Under the present global regime, the internet can stop working if any of the root servers are switched off.