UN World Happiness Report
What to study?
- Salient features of the Happiness report, who publish it, rank of India as compared to last years’, who came top and last, indicators used etc
- Why India’s rank lagging behind year by year, what measures can be taken in this regard.
7th United Nations World Happiness report 2019 was released by Sustainable Development Solutions Network on Wednesday.
About the Report
- The report is released annually by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network for the United Nations on 20 March, which was designated as the World Happiness Day by the UN General Assembly in 2012.
- The first was released in April 2012 in support of a UN High level meeting on “Wellbeing and Happiness: Defining a New Economic Paradigm”
- The report ranks countries on six key variables that support well-being: income, freedom, trust, healthy life expectancy, social support and generosity.
- The UN’s seventh annual World Happiness Report, which ranks the world’s 156 countries on “how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be”.
How the data is collected
The happiness study ranks the countries of the world on the basis of questions of the world on the basis of questions from the Gallup World Poll. The results are than correlated with other factors including GDP per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, social freedom, generosity and absence of corruption.
Findings of the Report
- The overall world happiness has fallen over the past few years and there has been increase in negative emotions, including worry, sadness and anger.
- India ranked 140th happiest nation out of 156 countries. India’s rank was 133rd in 2018
- Russia is now the 68th-happiest place on Earth. It came in at 58th in 2018 and 49th the year before.
- China ranked 93rd while Pakistan and Bangladesh ranked 67th and 93rd
- People in war-torn South Sudan are the most unhappy with their lives, followed by Central African Republic (155), Afghanistan (154), Tanzania (153) and Rwanda (152).
- Finland has been ranked as the happiest country in the world for the second year in succession. The Nordic nation is followed by Denmark, Norway, Iceland and The Netherlands.
Source: The Hindu